Nepal is a landlocked mountainous country with India in the east, west and south and China in the north. The geographical condition makes the development of infrastructure extreme difficult and expensive.  Roadways are the major mode of transport in Nepal, besides aviation is also serving to some extent. The presence of railway is negligible.

Presence of railways is negligible in Nepal while airway is limited and expensive. Therefore road transport is the major mode of transport and plays a significant role in connecting various parts of the country. Although roadway is the major mode of transport it remains underdeveloped with poor quality. Road capacity in Nepal is very low with most highways having one lane per direction. Because of such factors the rate of road accidents is extremely high. Poor quality of roads and poor maintenance has resulted in cracks and potholes, which are also the reasons for traffic accidents. These are the infrastructural factors of road accidents.